The Rise of Maternal Morality in the U.S.
The United States maternal mortality rate is rising, while in other developed counties there has been a decline. Maternal death can happen while a woman is pregnant, during labor and delivery, or in the 42 days after childbirth or the termination of pregnancy.
According to The United Health Foundation, from 2011 to 2015, put the U.S. maternal mortality rate at 20.7 per 100,000 live births. The CDC claims that 50,000 are severely injured and 700 women die each year as a result of pregnancy or delivery complications. The CDC also claims that 60% of all maternal deaths are preventable. In Illinois, the maternal mortality rate is 16.6 per 100,000 births.
Leading Causes of Maternal Mortality in the U.S. from 2011 – 2014
Cardiovascular Diseases: 15.2%
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. Pregnancy places an increased workload on the heart, including increases in circulating blood volume, plasma volume, heart rate and cardiac output.
Non-Cardiovascular diseases: 14.7%
Infection or sepsis: 12.8%
Infection or sepsis is the third leading cause of death. Undetected or poorly managed maternal infections can lead to sepsis, death, or disability for the mother.
Postpartum hemorrhage is excessive bleeding and loss of blood after childbirth. About 1 to 5 percent of women have postpartum hemorrhage and is more likely with a cesarean birth.
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of unexplained cardiac failure of unknown origin, unique to pregnant women. Cardiomyopathy means heart muscle disease in which the heart chambers enlarge and the muscle weakens.
Pulmonary embolism: 9.1%
A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the lungs. This can develop during pregnancy or develop after delivery.
Cerebrovascular accidents: 7.4%
Hypertensive disorders: 6.8%
Amniotic fluid embolism: 5.5%
Anesthesia complications: 0.3%
Women that may be at a higher risk of maternal mortality include:
- Women aged 40 or older: 31.9 percent of maternal deaths from 2013 - 2014 occurred in women aged 40 or older
- Women who have obesity
- Uninsured women: women who lack health insurance are 3-4 times more likely to die than those with insurance
- Women who have given birth to five or more children
Contact an Experienced Attorney
If you or someone you know suffered serious injuries or even death while pregnant, you need to talk to an experienced attorney. At Sam C. Mitchell & Associates, we provide a free consultation. Give us a call at 618-505-1660.